Swedish scholar: ‘Jesus was not crucified’

A Swedish theologian has claimed that Jesus may not have have been crucified as there is no evidence to indicate that the Romans crucified prisoners 2,000 years ago.

According to Gunnar Samuelsson of Gothenburg University, the story of Jesus’ execution is based on Christian traditions and artistic illustrations, not antique texts, according to a recently published doctoral thesis entitled “Crucifixion in Antiquity – An Inquiry into the Background of the New Testament Terminology of Crucifixion”.

Samuelsson, a committed Christian, alleges the Bible has been misinterpreted, saying there are no explicit references to the use of nails or to crucifixion – only that Jesus bore a “staurus” towards Calvary, which can also mean “pole,” his research states.

Samuelsson 400-page thesis is based on close study of the original texts and was submitted at the university last month.

“The problem is descriptions of crucifixions are remarkably absent in the antique literature,” Samuelsson said in an interview with the UK Daily Telegraph. “The sources where you would expect to find support for the established understanding of the event really don’t say anything.”

Ancient Greek, Latin and Hebrew literature from Homer to the first century describe a number of suspension punishments, but none mention “crosses” or “crucifixion.”

“Consequently, the contemporary understanding of crucifixion as a punishment is severely challenged,” Samuelsson told the newspaper. “And what’s even more challenging is the same can be concluded about the accounts of the crucifixion of Jesus. The New Testament doesn’t say as much as we’d like to believe.”

There is little evidence to suggest that Jesus was left to die after being nailed to a cross, both in ancient pre-Christian and extra-Biblical literature as well as the Bible.

Samuelsson admitted that it is easy to react emotionally instead of logically to the research that is so close to the heart of his faith. He added that the actual execution texts do not describe how Jesus was attached to the execution device.

“This is the heart of the problem. The text of the passion narratives is not that exact and information loaded, as we Christians sometimes want it to be,” Samuelsson explained.

“If you are looking for texts that depict the act of nailing persons to a cross you will not find any beside the Gospels.”

Contemporary literature all use the same vague terminology, including those in Latin. Meanwhile, the Latin word “crux” does not necessarily refer to a cross, nor patibulum refer to a cross-beam.

But despite the findings of his research Samuelsson does not suggest that Christians should reject of doubt the biblical and argued that believed that Jesus was indeed the son of God and argued that there is strong documented evidence to show that “a man named Jesus existed in that part of the world and in that time”.

“My suggestion is that we should read the text as it is, not as we think it is. We should read on the lines, not between the lines. The text of the Bible is sufficient. We do not need to add anything,” he told the newspaper.


10 thoughts on “Swedish scholar: ‘Jesus was not crucified’

  1. Naha

    The bible says he wasn’t crucified: Ample Prophesies in the Old Testament about the Messiah getting saved from crucifixion – The following Biblical verses that further refute the crucifixion and resurrection lies:

    Being lifted and saved: Luke 4:10-12 “For the Scriptures say, ‘He will order his angels to protect and guard you. And they will hold you up with their hands so you won’t even hurt your foot on a stone.’” Jesus responded, “The Scriptures also say, ‘You must not test the Lord your God.’’

    Matthew 4:5-10
    “Then the devil took him to the holy city, Jerusalem, to the highest point of the Temple, and said, “If you are the Son of God, jump off! For the Scriptures say, ‘He will order his angels to protect you. And they will hold you up with their hands so you won’t even hurt your foot on a stone.’” Jesus responded, “The Scriptures also say, ‘You must not test the Lord your God.’”

    Notice how Satan referred to Psalm 91 regarding the protection of Jesus? Notice how Jesus confirmed that Psalm 91 was indeed speaking about him by saying “the Scriptures ALSO say…” (Luke 4:12 and Matthew 4:7).?

    Psalm 91 and its verses are not just concerned about Jesus’ striking of his feet against a rock (Psalm 91:12). That is a lie and a clear fabrication. [1] [2] This piece is very minor in the chapter, because the chapter is more focused on:

    God Almighty will cover him with his protection (Psalm 91:4) (Meaning he WILL be protected, not slaughtered)

    Christ will then observe with his own eyes the punishment of the crucified ones (Psalm 91:8) (Which means Jesus (as.) will watch the person who will be crucified in his place – and in the Qur’an someone else got crucified in his place)

    No harm (this includes crucifixion!) or disaster will even come near Christ (Psalm 91:10.. this even contradicts him getting beaten up before crucifixion)

    God Almighty will send down Angels to protect him and lift him (Psalm 91: 11-12, 14, Isaiah 52:13) Not even his foot will strike the ground from his enemies pushing, grappling and punishment.

    Not even his FOOT will strike the ground, so how come he was beaten up and crucified ad even BURIED – which contradicts “not even his foot will strike the ground, cause being buried, your whole body strikes the ground!)

    No way would these verses be valid if Christ got crucified. So as you can see, the bible mentions several times that Jesus (as.) WILL be protected by his Lord and NO HARM or DISASTER will even come near him. If Jesus (as.) was crucified, then did God turn back o his promise? OR is crucifixion seen as something peaceful and sacred and not as harm?


  2. somepcguy

    The only problem with his thesis is that there have been multiple bodies unearthed of people who died in the Roman period in a manner that resembles our conception of crucifixion so closely as to make no difference. Including one whose feet were nailed together to a bit of wood.


  3. John

    Muslims believe the negative claim that Jesus did not die on a Cross and a positive claim that another person was put on the Cross in Jesus’ place.

    How can a Muslim test either of those claims, to verify whether either is true or false, with some kind of unbiased (non-Islamic), independent, multiply attested, unequivocal historical evidence.


  4. Marwan Yafi

    Jesus, never exited, just a myth. The real person-name is Prophet “Yesa” -Yesa-us, see his name in Greek: six letters not 5.
    Read Acts 24:5-19. The accusation is RIGHT.
    Such “crucified man” is repeated as “sungod” in history 37 times. Same details.
    God bless you


    1. marwanyafi

      Jesus is fictional allegory “adopted” Paul’s Jewish group of Antioch heresy, by the most powerful families in the 1-4th century as a devise for political control & collect money. Is the “Christ” actually a Roman Caesar? Yes
      See Acts 24:5-18


  5. Joe

    @marwanyafi 1 Isa in the Koran comes from the greek Iesous and is not tracable to Jesus who’s name was Yeshau. Secondly nearly all scholars admit the veracity of the crucifxion apart from those who deny Jesus existed



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